N° 292 / 29. 01. 1999/ GB
TRANSLATION : Club del Dogo Argentino « Dr
Antonio Nores Martinez », Federación Cinológica
Argentina and Mrs R. Binder.
ORIGIN : Argentina.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD :
UTILIZATION : Big-game hunting dog.
Group 2 Schnauzer and Pinscher, Molossians and
Swiss Mountain - and Cattledogs.
Section 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff type.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Molossian
normal type, mesomorphic and macrothalic, within the
desirable proportions without gigantic dimensions. Its
aspect is harmonic and vigorous due to its powerful
muscles which stand out under the consistent and elastic
skin adhered to the body through a not very lax
subcutaneous tissue. It walks quietly but firmly,
showing its intelligence and quick responsiveness and
revealing by means of his movement his permanent happy
natural disposition. Of a kind and loving nature, of a
striking whiteness, its physical virtues turn it into a
GRAND. CH. ARG. Bagual Dei Falchi Bianchi
Lumma de Venored
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
This breed has its origin in the province of Cordoba, in
the central (Mediterranean) region of the Republic of
Its creator was Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, a (renowned)
doctor and member of a traditional local family. In
1928, his passion for dogs, perhaps a family legacy, led
him to set the bases and a standard for a new dog breed
which he named : Dogo Argentino. His work was based
upon the methodical crossbreeding of several pure breeds
with the « old fighting dog from Cordoba », a dog which
was very strong and vigorous but lacked psychic and
genetic stability. This local breed had been the
product of the crossbreeding among Mastiffs, Bulldogs
and Bull Terriers and was widely known and appreciated
by fervent dog-fight fans, a very popular activity at
the time which embraced all social classes.
After a thorough and minute character study and
selection, through different generations, Dr. Nores
Martinez accomplished his purpose, obtaining the first «
family ». At the beginning it was generally considered
a dog for fighting but Dr. Nores Martinez?s liking for
hunting led him to take the dog to one of his habitual
hunting trips, where the new breed demonstrated its
skills, thus becoming a key figure in all his trips. Thus
it became quickly an excellent « big-game hunting dog ».
With the passing of time, this adaptating capacity has
made this dog very versatile as regards functions; it
has proved to be a noble companion and a loyal and
insurmountable protector of those it loves. Its
strength, tenacity, sharp sense of smell and bravery
make it the best dog among those used for hunting wild
boars, peccaries, pumas and other country predators
which can be found in the vast and heterogeneous areas
of the Argentinean territory. Its harmony, balance and
its excellent athletic muscles are ideal characteristics
for enduring long trips in any weather conditions and
then fighting fiercely with the pursued prey.
On May 21st 1964, this breed was acknowledged by the
Federación Cinológica Argentina and by the Argentinean
Rural Society, which opened their studbook to initiate
It was not until July 31st 1973 that the breed was
accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale as
the first and only Argentinean breed, thanks to the
great passion, work and effort of Dr. Augustin Nores
Martinez, its creator?s brother and successor.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : As a
mesomorphic animal, no part stands out from the whole
body which is harmonic and balanced. Mesocephalic, its
muzzle should be as long as its skull.
The height at the withers is equal to the height at the
The depth of the thorax equals 50% of the height at the
The length of the body exceeds the height at the withers
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: It
is cheerful, frank, humble, friendly, and not a hard
barker, always conscious of its power. It should never
be aggressive, a trait that should be severely observed.
Its domineering attitude makes it continuously compete
for territory with specimens of the same sex, most
noticeable behaviour in males. As a hunter, it is smart,
silent, courageous and brave.
"As an introduction about
temperament the fallowing is a text written by
Agustin Nores Martineza in his book "El Dogo Argentino":
I have seen my old Kob of
the pampas, hunter of many wild boars, who had fought
many times with adult pumas in the mountains, his head
and body bearing the scars of his struggles, and several
times at the point of death, endure patiently the most
irritating teasing of children, without showing anger,
snarling, or the least intent to bite."
- Agustin Nores Martinez, Translated from "The
The Dogo craves close physical contact with his people;
a Dogo never lays at your feet, he lays on your feet. He
is a reliable family guardian, interested in all
activities and enjoying guests along with his family.
Should the Dogo discern a direct threat to any member of
his family, he will act to protect that person. Dogos
love children with a passion. At the sight of a child, a
Dogo will light-up like a child on Christmas morning.
They are as gentle and loving with their children and
family as they are tenacious with their prey.
A warm body and soft couch will keep an adult Dogo quiet
for hours. They are clean house dogs that need little
Obedience training is fun for the Dogo. They are natural
heelers and respond wonderfully to positive
reinforcement and motivation training. They enjoy
working and pleasing their owners. On the other hand,
Dogos don't seem to understand force training and will
sometimes appear stubborn in response to a force
training method, or a forceful attitude. They have a
very steady temperament and seem to adjust themselves
quickly to different situations. In working with Dogos
in obedience, you must always keep in mind that the Dogo
is a hound. Like other hounds, you are constantly
working to keep their attention on you and not the
exciting smells around them. They will air and ground
scent and this can be very distracting to the dog when
working. Therefore, you must teach them that there is a
time to work and a time to hunt, which can be a test of
patience to both handler and dog.
The Dogo is also a very sensitive dog and rarely needs
physical corrections. A heavy handed or harsh owner
would quickly ruin a Dogo. This sensitivity makes it
possible for an experienced dog owner to moderate or
channel the strong hunting instinct into other outlets
more appropriate to suburban life. Gentle corrections
consistently applied are far more successful than harsh
physical corrections. Usually a stern tone of voice is
enough to get the message across.
The Dogo is highly intelligent and in training this is a
double edged sword. The Dogo is easily trained and
learns quickly using positive motivation, but the Dogo
is also easily bored by overwork and repetition.
Dogos make good watchdogs. Dogos are very alert, and
with proper socialization have a good sense of judgment.
However, being a hunting dog, they are not the type of
dog you could put on the front porch and expect them to
All in all, it is plain to see that the Dogo is not the
dog for everyone. Their extreme hunting drive and
tenacity coupled with a high energy level and
intelligence result in a dog that is too much for the
average dog owner to handle.
Audacity Fe de
HEAD : Of mesocephalic
type, it looks strong and powerful, without
abrupt angles or distinct chiselling. Its
profile shows an upper line which is concave
- convex : convex at the skull because of
the prominence of its masticatory muscles
and its nape; and slightly concave at the
foreface. The head joins the neck forming a
strong muscular arch.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : Compact, convex in the
front to back and transverse direction. Its
zygomatic arches are far apart from the
skull, forming a large temporal cavity which
enables the large development of the
temporal muscle. Its occipital bone is not
very prominent due to the strong muscles of
the nape. The central depression of the
skull is slightly noticeable.
Stop : Slightly defined, as a
transition from the convex skull region to
the slightly concave foreface. From the
side, it shows a definite profile due to the
prominence of the superciliary ridges.
FACIAL REGION : As
long as the skull.
Nose : Ample nostrils. Black
pigmentation. It is slightly elevated
forwards, finishing off the concave profile
of the muzzle. From the side, the front
line is perpendicular and straight,
coinciding with the maxillary edge or
slightly projected forward.
Muzzle : Strong, a bit longer
than deep, well developed in width, with
sides slightly converging. The upper line
is slightly concave, an almost exclusive
trait of the Argentinean Dogo.
Lips : Moderately thick, short
and tight. With free edges, preferably with
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong and well adapted;
no under-or overshot mouth. The jaws should
be slightly and homogeneously convergent.
They ensure maximum bite capacity.
Koby del Indio Blanco
big, well developed, firmly implanted in
line, looking clean without caries. A
complete dentition is recommended, priority
being given to the homogeneous dental arches.
Pincer bite, though scissor bite is
Cheeks : Large and
relatively flat, free from folds, bulges or chiselling,
covered by strong skin.
Eyes : Dark or hazel coloured, protected
by lids preferably with black pigmentation though the
lack of pigmentation is not considered a fault. Almond-shaped,
set at medium height, the distance between them must be
wide. As a whole, the expression should be alert and
lively, but at the same time remarkably firm,
particularly in males.
Ears : High and laterally inserted, set
well apart due to the width of the skull. Functionally,
they should be cropped and erect, in triangular shape
and with a length which does not exceed 50% of the front
edge of the auricle of the natural ear. Without being
cropped, they are of mid-length, broad, thick, flat and
rounded at the tip. Covered with smooth hair which is a
bit shorter than on the rest of the body; they may show
small spots, not to be penalized. In natural position
they hang down covering the back of the cheeks. When
the dog is alert they may be half-erect.
NECK : Of
medium length, strong and erect, well muscled, with a
slightly convex upper line. Truncated cone-shaped, it
joins the head in a muscular arch which hides all bony
prominences in this part, and fits to the thorax in a
large base. It is covered by a thick and elastic skin
that freely slips over the subcutaneous tissue which is
a bit laxer than on the rest of the body. It has non-pendent
smooth folds at the height of the throat, a fundamental
trait for the function of the animal. The coat in this
part is slightly longer than on the rest of the body.
Indio del Litoral
BODY : The length of the body
(from the point of the shoulder to the point of the
buttock) exceeds the height at the withers by 10%.
Upper line : Level; the
withers and the pin bones of the croup are at the same
height, constituting the highest points.
Withers : Large and high.
Back : Large and strong, with fully developed
muscles forming a slight slope towards the loins.
Loins : Strong and hidden by the developed
lumbar muscles which form a median furrow along the
spine. Slightly shorter than the dorsal region, rising
very slightly to the top of the croup. The development
of muscles in the parts of the upper line causes the
dogs to show a slightly depressed profile without being
actually so, which is enhanced in adults due to the
fully developed dorsal and spinal muscles.
Croup : Of medium length, large and
muscular; slightly showing the tips of both ilium and
ischium. Its width is equal or a bit less than that of
the thorax; the angle to the horizontal is of about 30°,
thus the upper line falling in a slightly convex slope
towards the insertion of the tail.
Chest : Broad and deep. The tip of the
breastbone is level with the tip of the shoulder joint (scapulo-humeral
joint) and the sternal line of the thorax is level with
the elbow line. Large thorax providing maximum
respiratory capacity, with long and moderately curved
ribs which join the breastbone at the height of the
Abdomen : Slightly tucked up beyond the
bottom line of the thorax, but never greyhound-like.
Strong with good muscular tension as well as in the
flanks and loins.
TAIL : Set medium high,
with 45° angle to the upper line. Sabre- shaped, thick
and long, reaching to the hocks but not further down.
At rest it hangs down naturally; when the dog is in
action, it is slightly raised over the upper line and
constantly moving sidewards. When trotting, it is
carried level with the upper line or slightly above.
Espuela Los Matreros
FOREQUARTERS : As a
whole, they form a sturdy and solid
structure of bones and muscles,
proportionate to the size of the animal. Forelegs
straight and vertical, seen from the front
or in profile.
Shoulders : High and
proportioned. Very strong, with great
muscular contours without exaggeration. Slanting
of 45° to the horizontal.
Upper arm : Of medium length,
proportionate to the whole. Strong and very
muscular, with an 45° angle to the
Elbows : Sturdy, covered with
a thicker and more elastic skin, without
folds or wrinkles. Naturally situated
against the chest wall of which they seem to
Forearm : As long as the
upper arm, perpendicular to the horizontal, straight
with strong bone and muscles.
Pastern joint : Broad and in line with the
forearm, without bony prominences or skin folds.
Pastern : Slightly flat, well boned,
slanting of 70 to 75° to the horizontal plane.
Front feet : Rounded; with short, sturdy,
very tight toes. Fleshy, hard pads, covered by black
and rough-to-the-touch skin.
HINDQUARTERS : With medium
angulation. As a whole, they are strong, sturdy and
parallel, creating the image of the great power their
function requires. They ensure the proper impulsion and
determine the dog?s characteristic gait.
Upper thigh : Length proportionate to the
whole. Strong and with fully developed and visible
muscles. Coxo-femoral angle close to 100 °.
Stifles : Set in the same axis as the
limb. Femoral-tibial angle close to 110 °.
Lower thigh : Slightly shorter than the upper
thigh, strong and with similarly developed muscles.
Hock joint / Hock : The tarsus-metatarsus
section is short, strong and firm, ensuring powerful
propelling of the hind limb. Sturdy hock joint with a
noticeable calcaneus (tip of hock). The angle at the
hock joint is close to 140°. Sturdy hock, almost
cylindrical and at 90° angle to the horizontal. If
present, dewclaws should be removed.
Hind feet : Similar to forefeet, though
slightly smaller and broader, but with the same
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Agile and firm;
with noticeable modification when showing interest in
something, changing into an erect attitude and
responding to reflexes quickly, typical for this breed.
Calm walk, extended trot, with a good front suspension
and a powerful rear propelling. At gallop, the dog
shows all of its energy displaying its power fully. The
four feet leave simple, parallel traces. Ambling (pacing)
is not accepted and is considered a serious fault.
SKIN : Homogeneous, slightly thick, but smooth
and elastic. Adhering to the body through a semilax
subcutaneous tissue which ensures free movement without
forming relevant folds, except for the neck area where
the subcutaneous tissue is laxer. With as little
pigmentation as possible, through this increases with
the years. An excessive pigmentation of the skin is not
accepted. Preference should be given to dogs with black
pigmentation of the rims of labial and palpebral mucous
HAIR : Uniform, short, plain and
smooth to the touch, with an average length
of 1,5 to 2 cm. Variable density and
thickness according to different climates.
In tropical climates the coat is sparse and
thin (letting the skin shine though and
making pigmented regions visible which is
not a cause of penalty). In a cold climate
it is thicker and denser and may present an
COLOUR : Completely white; only one
black or dark coloured patch around the eye
may be admitted, provided that it does not
cover more than 10% of the head. Between
two dogs of equal conformation, the judge
should always choose the whiter one.
Height at the withers : Dogs : 62 to
Bitches : 60 to 65 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from the
foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
Caiman de la Herencia
Luisa Verdes Pampas
- Poor bone and muscle development (weakness).
- Nose with little pigmentation.
- Pendulous lips.
- Small, weak or decayed teeth. Incomplete
- Eyes excessively light; entropion,
- Barrel chest; keel chest.
- Flat ribs.
- Excessive angulations of the
- Hock too long.
- Untypical movement.
- Excessive skin pigmentation in young
- Appearance of small areas with coloured
- Unsteady temperament.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
- Nose without pigmentation.
- Over-or undershot mouth.
- Light blue eyes; eyes of different
- Long coat.
- Patches in the body coat. More than one
patch on the head.
- Height under 60 cm and over 68 cm.